Easter is one of the biggest christian holiday, it is the memorial day of the resurrection of Jesus Christ.
But do you know what is the connection between the easter egg, the bunny, and the sprinkling?
And why is it always on a different calendar day? Easter is a so called moving feast of the christian church: in the year 325 the first synod of Nicaea decided that in every year the first sunday after the first full moon following the spring equinox we celebrate the Easter sunday.
[The First Council of Nicaea (/naɪ’si:ə/; Greek: Νίκαια /’ni:kaɪja/) was a council of Christian bishops convened in Nicaea in Bithynia (present-day İznik in Turkey) by the Roman Emperor Constantine I in AD 325. This first ecumenical council was the first effort to attain consensus in the church through an assembly representing all of Christendom]
“At the council we also considered the issue of our holiest day, Easter, and it was determined by common consent that everyone, everywhere should celebrate it on one and the same day. For what can be more appropriate, or what more solemn, than that this feast from which we have received the hope of immortality, should be kept by all without variation, using the same order and a clear arrangement? And in the first place, it seemed very unworthy for us to keep this most sacred feast following the custom of the Jews, a people who have soiled their hands in a most terrible outrage, and have thus polluted their souls, and are now deservedly blind. Since we have cast aside their way of calculating the date of the festival, we can ensure that future generations can celebrate this observance at the more accurate time which we have kept from the first day of the passion until the present time….”
— Emperor Constantine, following the Council of Nicaea
Why the bunny? In the old, pagan times, this time of the year was the reborn of the nature and the feast of fertility, so around the spring equinox. In the german terriotories these two part of the life belonged to Ostra, the goddess of spring, and she was the name giver of the english name “Easter” and the german name “Ostern”.